Subscriptions

Relay exposes the following APIs to create subscriptions.

const {requestSubscription} = require('react-relay');

type Variables = {[name: string]: any};

requestSubscription(
  environment: Environment,
  config: {
    subscription: GraphQLTaggedNode,
    variables: Variables,
    onCompleted?: ?() => void,
    onError?: ?(error: Error) => void,
    onNext?: ?(response: ?Object) => void,
    updater?: ?(store: RecordSourceSelectorProxy) => void,
  },
);

Now let's take a closer look at the config:

  • subscription: the graphql tagged subscription query.
  • variables: an object that contains the variables needed for the subscription.
  • onCompleted: a callback function executed when the subscription is closed by the peer without error.
  • onError: a callback function executed when Relay or the server encounters an error processing the subscription.
  • onNext: a callback function executed each time a response is received from the server, with the raw GraphQL response payload.
  • updater: an optional function that can supply custom logic for updating the in-memory Relay store based on the server response.

Example #

In a simple subscription, you only need subscription and variables. This is appropriate when you are only changing the properties of existing records that can be identified by their id:

const {
  requestSubscription,
  graphql,
} = require('react-relay');

const subscription = graphql`
  subscription MarkReadNotificationSubscription(
    $storyID: ID!
  ) {
    markReadNotification(storyID: $storyID) {
      notification {
        seenState
      }
    }
  }
`;

const variables = {
  storyID,
};

requestSubscription(
  yourEnvironment, // see Environment docs
  {
    subscription,
    variables,
    // optional but recommended:
    onComplete: () => {/* server closed the subscription */},
    onError: error => console.error(error),
  }
);

Updating the client on each response #

For more complex use-cases, you may wish to perform custom logic to update Relay's in-memory cache when each subscription response is received. To do so, pass an updater function:

const {ConnectionHandler} = require('relay-runtime');

requestSubscription(
  environment,
  {
    subscription,
    variables,
    updater: store => {
      // Get the notification
      const rootField = store.getRootField('markReadNotification');
      const notification = rootField.getLinkedRecord('notification');
      // Add it to a connection
      const viewer = store.getRoot().getLinkedRecord('viewer');
      const notifications = 
        ConnectionHandler.getConnection(viewer, 'notifications');
      const edge = ConnectionHandler.createEdge(
        store, 
        notifications,
        notification, 
        '<TypeOfNotificationsEdge>',
      );
      ConnectionHandler.insertEdgeAfter(notifications, edge);
    },
  },
);