WebView #

WebView renders web content in a native view.

import React, { Component } from 'react'; import { WebView } from 'react-native'; class MyWeb extends Component { render() { return ( <WebView source={{uri: 'https://github.com/facebook/react-native'}} style={{marginTop: 20}} /> ); } }

You can use this component to navigate back and forth in the web view's history and configure various properties for the web content.

Props #

automaticallyAdjustContentInsets?: bool #

Controls whether to adjust the content inset for web views that are placed behind a navigation bar, tab bar, or toolbar. The default value is true.

contentInset?: {top: number, left: number, bottom: number, right: number} #

The amount by which the web view content is inset from the edges of the scroll view. Defaults to {top: 0, left: 0, bottom: 0, right: 0}.

html?: string #

Deprecated

Use the source prop instead.

injectedJavaScript?: string #

Set this to provide JavaScript that will be injected into the web page when the view loads.

mediaPlaybackRequiresUserAction?: bool #

Boolean that determines whether HTML5 audio and video requires the user to tap them before they start playing. The default value is true.

onError?: function #

Function that is invoked when the WebView load fails.

onLoad?: function #

Function that is invoked when the WebView has finished loading.

onLoadEnd?: function #

Function that is invoked when the WebView load succeeds or fails.

onLoadStart?: function #

Function that is invoked when the WebView starts loading.

onMessage?: function #

A function that is invoked when the webview calls window.postMessage. Setting this property will inject a postMessage global into your webview, but will still call pre-existing values of postMessage.

window.postMessage accepts one argument, data, which will be available on the event object, event.nativeEvent.data. data must be a string.

onNavigationStateChange?: function #

Function that is invoked when the WebView loading starts or ends.

renderError?: function #

Function that returns a view to show if there's an error.

renderLoading?: function #

Function that returns a loading indicator.

scalesPageToFit?: bool #

Boolean that controls whether the web content is scaled to fit the view and enables the user to change the scale. The default value is true.

source?: [object Object], [object Object], [object Object] #

Loads static html or a uri (with optional headers) in the WebView.

startInLoadingState?: bool #

Boolean value that forces the WebView to show the loading view on the first load.

style?: [object Object] #

The style to apply to the WebView.

url?: string #

Deprecated

Use the source prop instead.

androiddomStorageEnabled?: bool #

Boolean value to control whether DOM Storage is enabled. Used only in Android.

androidjavaScriptEnabled?: bool #

Boolean value to enable JavaScript in the WebView. Used on Android only as JavaScript is enabled by default on iOS. The default value is true.

androiduserAgent?: string #

Sets the user-agent for the WebView.

iosallowsInlineMediaPlayback?: bool #

Boolean that determines whether HTML5 videos play inline or use the native full-screen controller. The default value is false.

NOTE : In order for video to play inline, not only does this property need to be set to true, but the video element in the HTML document must also include the webkit-playsinline attribute.

iosbounces?: bool #

Boolean value that determines whether the web view bounces when it reaches the edge of the content. The default value is true.

iosdataDetectorTypes?: [object Object], [object Object] #

Determines the types of data converted to clickable URLs in the web view’s content. By default only phone numbers are detected.

You can provide one type or an array of many types.

Possible values for dataDetectorTypes are:

  • 'phoneNumber'
  • 'link'
  • 'address'
  • 'calendarEvent'
  • 'none'
  • 'all'

iosdecelerationRate?: ScrollView.propTypes.decelerationRate #

A floating-point number that determines how quickly the scroll view decelerates after the user lifts their finger. You may also use the string shortcuts "normal" and "fast" which match the underlying iOS settings for UIScrollViewDecelerationRateNormal and UIScrollViewDecelerationRateFast respectively:

  • normal: 0.998
  • fast: 0.99 (the default for iOS web view)

iosonShouldStartLoadWithRequest?: function #

Function that allows custom handling of any web view requests. Return true from the function to continue loading the request and false to stop loading.

iosscrollEnabled?: bool #

Boolean value that determines whether scrolling is enabled in the WebView. The default value is true.

You can edit the content above on GitHub and send us a pull request!

Examples #

Edit on GitHub
'use strict'; var React = require('react'); var ReactNative = require('react-native'); var { StyleSheet, Text, TextInput, TouchableWithoutFeedback, TouchableOpacity, View, WebView } = ReactNative; var HEADER = '#3b5998'; var BGWASH = 'rgba(255,255,255,0.8)'; var DISABLED_WASH = 'rgba(255,255,255,0.25)'; var TEXT_INPUT_REF = 'urlInput'; var WEBVIEW_REF = 'webview'; var DEFAULT_URL = 'https://m.facebook.com'; class WebViewExample extends React.Component { state = { url: DEFAULT_URL, status: 'No Page Loaded', backButtonEnabled: false, forwardButtonEnabled: false, loading: true, scalesPageToFit: true, }; inputText = ''; handleTextInputChange = (event) => { var url = event.nativeEvent.text; if (!/^[a-zA-Z-_]+:/.test(url)) { url = 'http://' + url; } this.inputText = url; }; render() { this.inputText = this.state.url; return ( <View style={[styles.container]}> <View style={[styles.addressBarRow]}> <TouchableOpacity onPress={this.goBack} style={this.state.backButtonEnabled ? styles.navButton : styles.disabledButton}> <Text> {'<'} </Text> </TouchableOpacity> <TouchableOpacity onPress={this.goForward} style={this.state.forwardButtonEnabled ? styles.navButton : styles.disabledButton}> <Text> {'>'} </Text> </TouchableOpacity> <TextInput ref={TEXT_INPUT_REF} autoCapitalize="none" defaultValue={this.state.url} onSubmitEditing={this.onSubmitEditing} onChange={this.handleTextInputChange} clearButtonMode="while-editing" style={styles.addressBarTextInput} /> <TouchableOpacity onPress={this.pressGoButton}> <View style={styles.goButton}> <Text> Go! </Text> </View> </TouchableOpacity> </View> <WebView ref={WEBVIEW_REF} automaticallyAdjustContentInsets={false} style={styles.webView} source={{uri: this.state.url}} javaScriptEnabled={true} domStorageEnabled={true} decelerationRate="normal" onNavigationStateChange={this.onNavigationStateChange} onShouldStartLoadWithRequest={this.onShouldStartLoadWithRequest} startInLoadingState={true} scalesPageToFit={this.state.scalesPageToFit} /> <View style={styles.statusBar}> <Text style={styles.statusBarText}>{this.state.status}</Text> </View> </View> ); } goBack = () => { this.refs[WEBVIEW_REF].goBack(); }; goForward = () => { this.refs[WEBVIEW_REF].goForward(); }; reload = () => { this.refs[WEBVIEW_REF].reload(); }; onShouldStartLoadWithRequest = (event) => { // Implement any custom loading logic here, don't forget to return! return true; }; onNavigationStateChange = (navState) => { this.setState({ backButtonEnabled: navState.canGoBack, forwardButtonEnabled: navState.canGoForward, url: navState.url, status: navState.title, loading: navState.loading, scalesPageToFit: true }); }; onSubmitEditing = (event) => { this.pressGoButton(); }; pressGoButton = () => { var url = this.inputText.toLowerCase(); if (url === this.state.url) { this.reload(); } else { this.setState({ url: url, }); } // dismiss keyboard this.refs[TEXT_INPUT_REF].blur(); }; } class Button extends React.Component { _handlePress = () => { if (this.props.enabled !== false && this.props.onPress) { this.props.onPress(); } }; render() { return ( <TouchableWithoutFeedback onPress={this._handlePress}> <View style={styles.button}> <Text>{this.props.text}</Text> </View> </TouchableWithoutFeedback> ); } } class ScaledWebView extends React.Component { state = { scalingEnabled: true, }; render() { return ( <View> <WebView style={{ backgroundColor: BGWASH, height: 200, }} source={{uri: 'https://facebook.github.io/react/'}} scalesPageToFit={this.state.scalingEnabled} /> <View style={styles.buttons}> { this.state.scalingEnabled ? <Button text="Scaling:ON" enabled={true} onPress={() => this.setState({scalingEnabled: false})} /> : <Button text="Scaling:OFF" enabled={true} onPress={() => this.setState({scalingEnabled: true})} /> } </View> </View> ); } } class MessagingTest extends React.Component { webview = null state = { messagesReceivedFromWebView: 0, message: '', } onMessage = e => this.setState({ messagesReceivedFromWebView: this.state.messagesReceivedFromWebView + 1, message: e.nativeEvent.data, }) postMessage = () => { if (this.webview) { this.webview.postMessage('"Hello" from React Native!'); } } render(): ReactElement<any> { const {messagesReceivedFromWebView, message} = this.state; return ( <View style={[styles.container, { height: 200 }]}> <View style={styles.container}> <Text>Messages received from web view: {messagesReceivedFromWebView}</Text> <Text>{message || '(No message)'}</Text> <View style={styles.buttons}> <Button text="Send Message to Web View" enabled onPress={this.postMessage} /> </View> </View> <View style={styles.container}> <WebView ref={webview => { this.webview = webview; }} style={{ backgroundColor: BGWASH, height: 100, }} source={require('./messagingtest.html')} onMessage={this.onMessage} /> </View> </View> ); } } class InjectJS extends React.Component { webview = null; injectJS = () => { const script = 'document.write("Injected JS ")'; // eslint-disable-line quotes if (this.webview) { this.webview.injectJavaScript(script); } } render() { return ( <View> <WebView ref={webview => { this.webview = webview; }} style={{ backgroundColor: BGWASH, height: 300, }} source={{uri: 'https://www.facebook.com'}} scalesPageToFit={true} /> <View style={styles.buttons}> <Button text="Inject JS" enabled onPress={this.injectJS} /> </View> </View> ); } } var styles = StyleSheet.create({ container: { flex: 1, backgroundColor: HEADER, }, addressBarRow: { flexDirection: 'row', padding: 8, }, webView: { backgroundColor: BGWASH, height: 350, }, addressBarTextInput: { backgroundColor: BGWASH, borderColor: 'transparent', borderRadius: 3, borderWidth: 1, height: 24, paddingLeft: 10, paddingTop: 3, paddingBottom: 3, flex: 1, fontSize: 14, }, navButton: { width: 20, padding: 3, marginRight: 3, alignItems: 'center', justifyContent: 'center', backgroundColor: BGWASH, borderColor: 'transparent', borderRadius: 3, }, disabledButton: { width: 20, padding: 3, marginRight: 3, alignItems: 'center', justifyContent: 'center', backgroundColor: DISABLED_WASH, borderColor: 'transparent', borderRadius: 3, }, goButton: { height: 24, padding: 3, marginLeft: 8, alignItems: 'center', backgroundColor: BGWASH, borderColor: 'transparent', borderRadius: 3, alignSelf: 'stretch', }, statusBar: { flexDirection: 'row', alignItems: 'center', paddingLeft: 5, height: 22, }, statusBarText: { color: 'white', fontSize: 13, }, spinner: { width: 20, marginRight: 6, }, buttons: { flexDirection: 'row', height: 30, backgroundColor: 'black', alignItems: 'center', justifyContent: 'space-between', }, button: { flex: 0.5, width: 0, margin: 5, borderColor: 'gray', borderWidth: 1, backgroundColor: 'gray', }, }); const HTML = ` <!DOCTYPE html>\n <html> <head> <title>Hello Static World</title> <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <meta name="viewport" content="width=320, user-scalable=no"> <style type="text/css"> body { margin: 0; padding: 0; font: 62.5% arial, sans-serif; background: #ccc; } h1 { padding: 45px; margin: 0; text-align: center; color: #33f; } </style> </head> <body> <h1>Hello Static World</h1> </body> </html> `; exports.displayName = (undefined: ?string); exports.title = '<WebView>'; exports.description = 'Base component to display web content'; exports.examples = [ { title: 'Simple Browser', render(): React.Element<any> { return <WebViewExample />; } }, { title: 'Scale Page to Fit', render(): React.Element<any> { return <ScaledWebView/>; } }, { title: 'Bundled HTML', render(): React.Element<any> { return ( <WebView style={{ backgroundColor: BGWASH, height: 100, }} source={require('./helloworld.html')} scalesPageToFit={true} /> ); } }, { title: 'Static HTML', render(): React.Element<any> { return ( <WebView style={{ backgroundColor: BGWASH, height: 100, }} source={{html: HTML}} scalesPageToFit={true} /> ); } }, { title: 'POST Test', render(): React.Element<any> { return ( <WebView style={{ backgroundColor: BGWASH, height: 100, }} source={{ uri: 'http://www.posttestserver.com/post.php', method: 'POST', body: 'foo=bar&bar=foo' }} scalesPageToFit={false} /> ); } }, { title: 'Messaging Test', render(): ReactElement<any> { return <MessagingTest />; } }, { title: 'Inject JavaScript', render(): React.Element<any> { return <InjectJS />; } }, ];