Animated #

Animations are an important part of modern UX, and the Animated library is designed to make them fluid, powerful, and easy to build and maintain.

The simplest workflow is to create an Animated.Value, hook it up to one or more style attributes of an animated component, and then drive updates either via animations, such as Animated.timing, or by hooking into gestures like panning or scrolling via Animated.event. Animated.Value can also bind to props other than style, and can be interpolated as well. Here is a basic example of a container view that will fade in when it's mounted:

class FadeInView extends React.Component { constructor(props) { super(props); this.state = { fadeAnim: new Animated.Value(0), // init opacity 0 }; } componentDidMount() { Animated.timing( // Uses easing functions this.state.fadeAnim, // The value to drive {toValue: 1} // Configuration ).start(); // Don't forget start! } render() { return ( <Animated.View // Special animatable View style={{opacity: this.state.fadeAnim}}> // Binds {this.props.children} </Animated.View> ); } }

Note that only animatable components can be animated. View, Text, and Image are already provided, and you can create custom ones with createAnimatedComponent. These special components do the magic of binding the animated values to the properties, and do targeted native updates to avoid the cost of the react render and reconciliation process on every frame. They also handle cleanup on unmount so they are safe by default.

Animations are heavily configurable. Custom and pre-defined easing functions, delays, durations, decay factors, spring constants, and more can all be tweaked depending on the type of animation.

A single Animated.Value can drive any number of properties, and each property can be run through an interpolation first. An interpolation maps input ranges to output ranges, typically using a linear interpolation but also supports easing functions. By default, it will extrapolate the curve beyond the ranges given, but you can also have it clamp the output value.

For example, you may want to think about your Animated.Value as going from 0 to 1, but animate the position from 150px to 0px and the opacity from 0 to 1. This can easily be done by modifying style in the example above like so:

style={{ opacity: this.state.fadeAnim, // Binds directly transform: [{ translateY: this.state.fadeAnim.interpolate({ inputRange: [0, 1], outputRange: [150, 0] // 0 : 150, 0.5 : 75, 1 : 0 }), }], }}>

Animations can also be combined in complex ways using composition functions such as sequence and parallel, and can also be chained together simply by setting the toValue of one animation to be another Animated.Value.

Animated.ValueXY is handy for 2D animations, like panning, and there are other helpful additions like setOffset and getLayout to aid with typical interaction patterns, like drag-and-drop.

You can see more example usage in AnimationExample.js, the Gratuitous Animation App, and Animations documentation guide.

Note that Animated is designed to be fully serializable so that animations can be run in a high performance way, independent of the normal JavaScript event loop. This does influence the API, so keep that in mind when it seems a little trickier to do something compared to a fully synchronous system. Checkout Animated.Value.addListener as a way to work around some of these limitations, but use it sparingly since it might have performance implications in the future.

Methods #

static decay(value, config) #

Animates a value from an initial velocity to zero based on a decay coefficient.

static timing(value, config) #

Animates a value along a timed easing curve. The Easing module has tons of pre-defined curves, or you can use your own function.

static spring(value, config) #

Spring animation based on Rebound and Origami. Tracks velocity state to create fluid motions as the toValue updates, and can be chained together.

static add(a, b) #

Creates a new Animated value composed from two Animated values added together.

static divide(a, b) #

Creates a new Animated value composed by dividing the first Animated value by the second Animated value.

static multiply(a, b) #

Creates a new Animated value composed from two Animated values multiplied together.

static modulo(a, modulus) #

Creates a new Animated value that is the (non-negative) modulo of the provided Animated value

static diffClamp(a, min, max) #

Create a new Animated value that is limited between 2 values. It uses the difference between the last value so even if the value is far from the bounds it will start changing when the value starts getting closer again. (value = clamp(value + diff, min, max)).

This is useful with scroll events, for example, to show the navbar when scrolling up and to hide it when scrolling down.

static delay(time) #

Starts an animation after the given delay.

static sequence(animations) #

Starts an array of animations in order, waiting for each to complete before starting the next. If the current running animation is stopped, no following animations will be started.

static parallel(animations, config?) #

Starts an array of animations all at the same time. By default, if one of the animations is stopped, they will all be stopped. You can override this with the stopTogether flag.

static stagger(time, animations) #

Array of animations may run in parallel (overlap), but are started in sequence with successive delays. Nice for doing trailing effects.

static event(argMapping, config?) #

Takes an array of mappings and extracts values from each arg accordingly, then calls setValue on the mapped outputs. e.g.

onScroll={Animated.event( [{nativeEvent: {contentOffset: {x: this._scrollX}}}] {listener}, // Optional async listener ) ... onPanResponderMove: Animated.event([ null, // raw event arg ignored {dx: this._panX}, // gestureState arg ]),

static createAnimatedComponent(Component) #

Make any React component Animatable. Used to create Animated.View, etc.

Properties #

Value: AnimatedValue #

Standard value class for driving animations. Typically initialized with new Animated.Value(0);

ValueXY: AnimatedValueXY #

2D value class for driving 2D animations, such as pan gestures.

class AnimatedValue #

    Standard value for driving animations. One Animated.Value can drive multiple properties in a synchronized fashion, but can only be driven by one mechanism at a time. Using a new mechanism (e.g. starting a new animation, or calling setValue) will stop any previous ones.

    Methods #

    constructor(value) #

    setValue(value) #

    Directly set the value. This will stop any animations running on the value and update all the bound properties.

    setOffset(offset) #

    Sets an offset that is applied on top of whatever value is set, whether via setValue, an animation, or Animated.event. Useful for compensating things like the start of a pan gesture.

    flattenOffset() #

    Merges the offset value into the base value and resets the offset to zero. The final output of the value is unchanged.

    extractOffset() #

    Sets the offset value to the base value, and resets the base value to zero. The final output of the value is unchanged.

    addListener(callback) #

    Adds an asynchronous listener to the value so you can observe updates from animations. This is useful because there is no way to synchronously read the value because it might be driven natively.

    removeListener(id) #

    removeAllListeners() #

    stopAnimation(callback?) #

    Stops any running animation or tracking. callback is invoked with the final value after stopping the animation, which is useful for updating state to match the animation position with layout.

    interpolate(config) #

    Interpolates the value before updating the property, e.g. mapping 0-1 to 0-10.

    animate(animation, callback) #

    Typically only used internally, but could be used by a custom Animation class.

    stopTracking() #

    Typically only used internally.

    track(tracking) #

    Typically only used internally.

class AnimatedValueXY #

    2D Value for driving 2D animations, such as pan gestures. Almost identical API to normal Animated.Value, but multiplexed. Contains two regular Animated.Values under the hood. Example:

    class DraggableView extends React.Component { constructor(props) { super(props); this.state = { pan: new Animated.ValueXY(), // inits to zero }; this.state.panResponder = PanResponder.create({ onStartShouldSetPanResponder: () => true, onPanResponderMove: Animated.event([null, { dx: this.state.pan.x, // x,y are Animated.Value dy: this.state.pan.y, }]), onPanResponderRelease: () => { Animated.spring( this.state.pan, // Auto-multiplexed {toValue: {x: 0, y: 0}} // Back to zero ).start(); }, }); } render() { return ( <Animated.View {...this.state.panResponder.panHandlers} style={this.state.pan.getLayout()}> {this.props.children} </Animated.View> ); } }

    Methods #

    constructor(valueIn?) #

    setValue(value) #

    setOffset(offset) #

    flattenOffset() #

    stopAnimation(callback?) #

    addListener(callback) #

    removeListener(id) #

    removeAllListeners() #

    getLayout() #

    Converts {x, y} into {left, top} for use in style, e.g.

    style={this.state.anim.getLayout()}

    getTranslateTransform() #

    Converts {x, y} into a useable translation transform, e.g.

    style={{ transform: this.state.anim.getTranslateTransform() }}

You can edit the content above on GitHub and send us a pull request!

Examples #

Edit on GitHub
'use strict'; var React = require('react'); var ReactNative = require('react-native'); var { Animated, Easing, StyleSheet, Text, View, } = ReactNative; var UIExplorerButton = require('./UIExplorerButton'); exports.framework = 'React'; exports.title = 'Animated - Examples'; exports.description = 'Animated provides a powerful ' + 'and easy-to-use API for building modern, ' + 'interactive user experiences.'; exports.examples = [ { title: 'FadeInView', description: 'Uses a simple timing animation to ' + 'bring opacity from 0 to 1 when the component ' + 'mounts.', render: function() { class FadeInView extends React.Component { state: any; constructor(props) { super(props); this.state = { fadeAnim: new Animated.Value(0), // opacity 0 }; } componentDidMount() { Animated.timing( // Uses easing functions this.state.fadeAnim, // The value to drive { toValue: 1, // Target duration: 2000, // Configuration }, ).start(); // Don't forget start! } render() { return ( <Animated.View // Special animatable View style={{ opacity: this.state.fadeAnim, // Binds }}> {this.props.children} </Animated.View> ); } } class FadeInExample extends React.Component { state: any; constructor(props) { super(props); this.state = { show: true, }; } render() { return ( <View> <UIExplorerButton onPress={() => { this.setState((state) => ( {show: !state.show} )); }}> Press to {this.state.show ? 'Hide' : 'Show'} </UIExplorerButton> {this.state.show && <FadeInView> <View style={styles.content}> <Text>FadeInView</Text> </View> </FadeInView>} </View> ); } } return <FadeInExample />; }, }, { title: 'Transform Bounce', description: 'One `Animated.Value` is driven by a ' + 'spring with custom constants and mapped to an ' + 'ordered set of transforms. Each transform has ' + 'an interpolation to convert the value into the ' + 'right range and units.', render: function() { this.anim = this.anim || new Animated.Value(0); return ( <View> <UIExplorerButton onPress={() => { Animated.spring(this.anim, { toValue: 0, // Returns to the start velocity: 3, // Velocity makes it move tension: -10, // Slow friction: 1, // Oscillate a lot }).start(); }}> Press to Fling it! </UIExplorerButton> <Animated.View style={[styles.content, { transform: [ // Array order matters {scale: this.anim.interpolate({ inputRange: [0, 1], outputRange: [1, 4], })}, {translateX: this.anim.interpolate({ inputRange: [0, 1], outputRange: [0, 500], })}, {rotate: this.anim.interpolate({ inputRange: [0, 1], outputRange: [ '0deg', '360deg' // 'deg' or 'rad' ], })}, ]} ]}> <Text>Transforms!</Text> </Animated.View> </View> ); }, }, { title: 'Composite Animations with Easing', description: 'Sequence, parallel, delay, and ' + 'stagger with different easing functions.', render: function() { this.anims = this.anims || [1,2,3].map( () => new Animated.Value(0) ); return ( <View> <UIExplorerButton onPress={() => { var timing = Animated.timing; Animated.sequence([ // One after the other timing(this.anims[0], { toValue: 200, easing: Easing.linear, }), Animated.delay(400), // Use with sequence timing(this.anims[0], { toValue: 0, easing: Easing.elastic(2), // Springy }), Animated.delay(400), Animated.stagger(200, this.anims.map((anim) => timing( anim, {toValue: 200} )).concat( this.anims.map((anim) => timing( anim, {toValue: 0} ))), ), Animated.delay(400), Animated.parallel([ Easing.inOut(Easing.quad), // Symmetric Easing.back(1.5), // Goes backwards first Easing.ease // Default bezier ].map((easing, ii) => ( timing(this.anims[ii], { toValue: 320, easing, duration: 3000, }) ))), Animated.delay(400), Animated.stagger(200, this.anims.map((anim) => timing(anim, { toValue: 0, easing: Easing.bounce, // Like a ball duration: 2000, })), ), ]).start(); }}> Press to Animate </UIExplorerButton> {['Composite', 'Easing', 'Animations!'].map( (text, ii) => ( <Animated.View key={text} style={[styles.content, { left: this.anims[ii] }]}> <Text>{text}</Text> </Animated.View> ) )} </View> ); }, }, { title: 'Continuous Interactions', description: 'Gesture events, chaining, 2D ' + 'values, interrupting and transitioning ' + 'animations, etc.', render: () => ( <Text>Checkout the Gratuitous Animation App!</Text> ), } ]; var styles = StyleSheet.create({ content: { backgroundColor: 'deepskyblue', borderWidth: 1, borderColor: 'dodgerblue', padding: 20, margin: 20, borderRadius: 10, alignItems: 'center', }, });